Namibia

Namibia has had a troubled history in regards to the protection of the rights and civil liberties of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender citizens. "Sodomy" is illegal in Namibia, and is punishable with prison.

Furthermore, statements by government leaders, such as Sam Nujoma, Theopolina Mushelenga and Jerry Ekandjo, concerning gays and lesbians have drawn both domestic and international condemnation.

Former Minister of Justice and adviser to the minister of Home Affairs Ngarikutuke Tjiriange has actively been heating up the public debate against equal rights for homosexuals.

Legislation

Male to male relationships: Not Legal

Female to female relationships: Legal

Marriage and substitutes for marriage: No law

See more on Namibian law at ilga.org

Social climate / Legal incidents

LGBT people in Namibia believe that they are still treated as second-class citizens.

Mr Gay Namibia 2011, Wendelinus Hamutenya was assaulted and injured in a homophobic attack in Windhoek and is still under police protection.

For further information on the social climate for LGBT people in Namibia, see article at ilga.org.

LGBT organizations/networks

Out-Right Namibia: Out Right Namibia (ORN) is Namibian LGBTI, MSM and WSW human rights based organisation that was formed in March 2010 by self identified LGBTI, MSM and WSW activists and officially registered in November 2010 as a Trust. ORN advocates as the voice for Lesbian Women/ Gay men/ Bisexuals, Transgender and Intersex people in Namibia to further address, redress and arrest the amount of homophobia rhetoric in the country.

If the webpage of Out-Right Namibia is not launching, more information can be found here: http://www.amsher.net/Default.aspx?alias=www.amsher.net/orn

Conventions

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Other sources

Out in AfricaVisibility matters to activists—to their social and political relevance, their credibility, their influence. But invisibility matters, too, in times of political hostility or internal crisis. Out in Africa is the first to present an intimate look at how Namibian and South African lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) organizations have cultivated visibility and invisibility as strategies over time. As such, it reveals the complexities of the LGBT movements in both countries as these organizations make use of Western terminology and notions of identity to gain funding even as they work to counter the perception that they are “un-African.”

Different sociopolitical conditions in Namibia and South Africa affected how activists in each country campaigned for LGBT rights between 1995 and 2006. Focusing on this period, Ashley Currier shows how, in Namibia, LGBT activists struggled against ruling party leaders’ homophobic rhetoric and how, at the same time, black LGBT citizens of South Africa, though enjoying constitutional protections, greater visibility, and heightened activism, nonetheless confronted homophobic violence because of their gender and sexual nonconformity.

As it tells the story of the evolving political landscape in postapartheid Namibia and South Africa, Out in Africa situates these countries’ movements in relation to developments in pan-African LGBT organizing and offers broader insights into visibility as a social movement strategy rather than simply as a static accomplishment or outcome of political organizing.

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