Country Reports

Information on the conditions for LGBTI minorities in specific countries from global human rights organizations and other sources.

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Fremstillinger af seksuelle minoriteter i Ugandas skrevne presse Fremstillinger af seksuelle minoriteter i Ugandas skrevne presse

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Date added: 06/14/2012
Date modified: 08/02/2012
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Abstract in English: page 159-161. This study (in Danish) examines how sexual minorities are being constructed discursively in the Ugandan English press and how this construction affects social practice (2011).

The starting point for this research has been the Anti?Homosexuality Bill presenting the Ugandan Parliament on October 14, 2009 proposing the death penalty for “aggravated homosexuality”. The bill is part of a social practice in Uganda characterised by widespread poverty, political corruption, strong Christian beliefs and a largely negative attitude towards homosexuality. The critical perspective suggests that the assignment of mainly negative meaningsand mythical representation is articulated and distributed through the English language press in Uganda.

Thus, the study indicates that parts of the discourse practice reaffirms perceptions of sexual minorities dominating the social sphere partly due to structural and social concerns.The study also points to that the mythical representation supports and gives sense to certain actions in the social sphere e.g. The anti?homosexuality bill.

Coming out in the Kingdom: Lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender people in Cambodia Coming out in the Kingdom: Lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender people in Cambodia

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Date added: 06/11/2012
Date modified: 08/02/2012
Filesize: 1.08 MB
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Report from the LGBT Rights Project by the Cambodian Center for Human Rights (2010).

cambodjaHomosexuality is not illegal in Cambodia and there are no anti-gay religious traditions. However, LGBT persons in Cambodia still face discrimination and/or abuse from family members, employers, and police.

As a result of differences in language and culture, the concept of ‘homosexuality’ as understood in the West is not necessarily directly transferable and understandable in the Cambodian context. Rather, the Cambodian understanding of sexuality is derived from concepts of gender, character and personality. The focus on these character traits and outwardly visible characteristics instead of sexual orientation means that many Cambodians who are homosexual do not identify themselves as such. Among Buddhists, there is a general disposition to tolerate homosexuality. Because Cambodian culture is predominantly Buddhist, homosexuality, whilst seen as an oddity, does not attract the kind of aggressive reaction as can be seen in Christian or Muslim cultures. King Father Norodom Sihanouk has expressed public support for LGBT people but the views of other politicians have been mixed. The challenges faced by LGBT people in Cambodia have not been acknowledged by the Royal Government of Cambodia ("RGC") and do not seem to feature on the RGC agenda at all.

Behind the mask - The voice of Africas LGBT community Behind the mask - The voice of Africas LGBT community

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Date added: 06/11/2012
Date modified: 02/05/2013
Filesize: Unknown
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Through journalism and activism, Behind the mask provides reliable information and initiates dialogue about LGBTI issues in Africa to ensure that human rights are recognized as indivisible and are guaranteed for everyone.

Forbidden: Institutionalizing Discrimination Against Gays and Lesbians in Burundi Forbidden: Institutionalizing Discrimination Against Gays and Lesbians in Burundi

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Date added: 06/11/2012
Date modified: 08/02/2012
Filesize: 476.76 kB
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BurundiBurundian LGBT people were devastated in November 2008, when the National Assembly voted in favor of adding an article to the proposed new Criminal Code that would penalize same-sex relations between consenting adults. Human Rights Watch (2009).

Burundian lawyers and politicians, along with international experts, had spent two years revising the old criminal code, which dated to 1981, but the National Assembly’s human rights commission added the anti-homosexuality provision at the last minute. Human Rights Watch teamed up with a photographer to create portraits of ten of these young people, many of whom feel that their very identities have been rendered criminal by Burundi’s new law. HRW hope that others will draw lessons from these narratives and will work to restore the rights of LGBT people.

They hunt us down for fun. Discrimination and police violence against transgender women in Kuwait They hunt us down for fun. Discrimination and police violence against transgender women in Kuwait

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Date added: 06/11/2012
Date modified: 08/02/2012
Filesize: 1.25 MB
Downloads: 909

Human Rights Watch Report (2009).

Until 2007 transgender women in Kuwait were able to circulate freely, secure employment, access public health care, and live with minimal interference from police.

That changed when Kuwait’s National Assembly voted to amend the country’s penal code: A previously generic public decency law now stipulated that anyone “imitating the opposite sex in any way” would face one year in prison, a large fine, or both. The amendment did not criminalize any specific behavior or act, but rather physical appearance, the acceptable parameters of which were to be arbitrarily defined by individual police. These provisions have created a sea-change in the lives of Kuwaiti transgender women. Many have since become victims of abuse by police, who often take advantage of the law to harass, sexually assault, and arbitrarily arrest them.

Human Rights Watch urge Kuwait to take immediate steps to investigate allegations of torture, prosecute those responsible, and implement working mechanisms to curb future abuses. In order to comply with its obligations under international law, Kuwait should impose an immediate moratorium on arrests under the amended article 198 and repeal the amendment, which in and of itself is vague and overbroad, failing to define the elements of the crime with any specificity, and as a result has been applied in an arbitrary manner.

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