Refugee and Asylum issues

Guidelines and reports on international protection of LGBT refugees and asylum seekers.


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UNHCR guidance note on refugee claims relating to sexual orientation and gender identity UNHCR guidance note on refugee claims relating to sexual orientation and gender identity

Date added: 08/14/2012
Date modified: 08/14/2012
Filesize: 231.35 kB
Downloads: 781

United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) Protection Policy and Legal Advice Section Division of International Protection Services Geneva.

This Note provides guidance in respect of refugee claims related to sexual orientation and gender identity.

The persecution of people because of their sexual orientation and gender identity is not a new phenomenon. It is only in more recent years that a growing number of asylum claims has been made by lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (“LGBT”) individuals. This has necessitated greater awareness among decision-makers of the specific experiences of LGBT asylum-seekers and a deeper examination of the legal questions involved.

Through analyzing international legal principles, jurisprudence and other relevant materials, these Guidance Notes from UNHCR seek to clarify applicable law and legal standards with the aim of providing guidance in the particular thematic area concerned. The ultimate purpose is to enhance the delivery of protection to refugees and asylum-seekers through adherence to international standards in refugee protection.

When related to refugee status determination, the Guidance Notes supplement and should be read in conjunction with the relevant Guidelines on International Protection. The Guidance Notes are developed to respond to emerging operational needs and legal issues and do not necessarily follow the same extensive drafting process as the Guidelines on International Protection.

SOGI-related forced migration in East Africa: Fleeing Uganda SOGI-related forced migration in East Africa: Fleeing Uganda

Date added: 03/04/2016
Date modified: 03/04/2016
Filesize: 609.51 kB
Downloads: 1380

SOGI related fleeing2015, 32 pages

From the Global Philantropy Project comes this report on the challenges for LGBT Ugandans fleeing to other countries in East Africa after the after the passage of the Anti-Homosexuality Act. The report looks into numbers, demographics, challenges, push & pull factors and recommendations to address the situation.


Rainbow bridges. Rainbow bridges.

Date added: 08/15/2012
Date modified: 09/03/2012
Filesize: 301.43 kB
Downloads: 1469

ORAM_Rainbow_bridgesA community guide to rebuilding the lives of LGBTI refugees and asylees.

In a 2012 report, ORAM estimates that:

• 175,000 LGBTI persons are in peril in their home countries worldwide

• 7,500 manage to escape

• Of these, only 750 are able to access the refugee protection system

• Of those, only 350 are officially recognized as refugees

• Fewer than 200 per year worldwide currently attain resettlement based on their sexual orientation or gender identity.

While the actual numbers of LGBTI persons who escape persecution will never be known, those resettled based on their sexual orientation or gender identity make up a tiny handful worldwide.

This estimate does not include those who do not reveal their LGBTI status to adjudicators, or who receive refugee protection on other grounds — race, religion, nationality, political opinion, or membership in another particular social group.

Mean Streets: Identifying and Responding to Urban Refugees' Risks of Gender-Based Violence Mean Streets: Identifying and Responding to Urban Refugees' Risks of Gender-Based Violence

Date added: 10/06/2017
Date modified: 10/06/2017
Filesize: 1.68 MB
Downloads: 324

feb 2016

2016, 148 pages

The Women’s Refugee Commission  research focuses on the needs of  refugees , identifies solutions and advocates for programs and policies to strengthen their resilience and drive change in humanitarian practice. This research was conducted in Ecuador, Lebanon, Uganda, and India,  where the emphasis is  on the urban refugees who face gender-based violence risks as a result of multiple and complex unmet social, medical, and economic needs, as well as intersecting oppressions based on race, ethnicity, nationality, language, class, gender, sexual orientation, and disability. The project looked separately at the GBV risks of different urban refugee subpopulations: women; adolescent girls; lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and intersex (LGBTI) individuals; persons with disabilities; and male survivors of sexual violence. Refugees engaged in sex work were added as a subpopulation, due to their invisibility and the heightened GBV risks they face.


LGBT families - and the free movement directive LGBT families - and the free movement directive

Date added: 06/14/2012
Date modified: 09/03/2012
Filesize: 476.71 kB
Downloads: 1266

free_movementILGA-Europe, together with national LGBT organisations, have campaigned vigorously for an inclusive definition of family within the new EU Citizens Directive, (2005).

The Court of Justice has emphasized that free movement is a fundamental right of EU citizens, regardless of the reason why an individual decides to live in another Member State. Consequently, in 2001, the European Commission proposed replacing the various laws covering workers, students, etc with a single Directive on the free movement rights of all EU citizens. The Directive took more than two years to negotiate and a central issue was the definition of the ‘family’ of an EU citizen.

LGBTnet is developed by LGBT Denmark and The Danish Family Planning Association, Danish Refugee Council & Sabaah • Contact:  This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.